Department of PsychologyUniversity of Hawaii at Manoa

Department of Psychology Faculty Profile

Ashley Maynard

Ashley Maynard

Professor

Education

BA Psychology and Cognitive Science, University of Virginia (1994); MA Psychology, UCLA (1996); PhD Psychology, UCLA (1999)

Research

Culture and human development; the development of teaching; sibling interactions; activity settings; ecocultural theory.

My research program is concerned with the interrelationships of culture, the contexts of child development, and the healthy cognitive and social development of children. Based in the sociocultural paradigm, the overarching developmental and theoretical question that lies at the heart of my research program is the ways in which a variety of culturally-based activity settings influence a variety of pathways of development for children. I am interested in cultural settings at nested levels of development: from cultural values and economics in the macrosystem down to children’s microsystem interactions. I conduct studies in Hawaii and at my international field site, Nabenchauk, a Zinacantec Maya hamlet located in the highlands of Chiapas, Mexico. The domains of my research cover: (1) the developmental trajectory of children’s teaching abilities; (2) the interacting roles of culture and cognitive tools (e.g., books, media, or weaving tools) in the development of thinking; (3) the impact of historical change and changing cultural models on child socialization; and the (4) the role of siblings in cognitive and social development. Students in my lab have the opportunity to learn research skills including research design, data collection, coding video using a special digital media system, writing manuscripts, and giving research presentations. The major aims of the lab group are to extend theoretical and methodological underpinnings of psychology as a field and to extend the results of various research programs across cultural groups. Undergraduate students work together with me and the graduate students to produce research that meets these aims.

Concentration Areas: Developmental Psychology, Community and Cultural

Publications

Arnett, J. J., & Maynard, A. E. (2013a). Child Development: A Cultural Approach. Boston, MA: Pearson Education, Inc. (2013)
  Type: Textbooks

Arnett, J. J., & Maynard, A. E. (2013b). Child Development Through Middle Childhood: A Cultural Approach. Boston, MA: Pearson Education, Inc. (2013)
  Type: Textbooks

Maynard, A. E. Siblings. Oxford Bibliographies: Childhood Studies. Ed. Heather Montgomery. New York: Oxford University Press. Published online. (2012)
  Type: Chapters in books

Maynard, A. E. The Relational Habitus: A Lens for Studying Micro-Processes of Learning in Context. Human Development, 55 (2): 92-96. (2012)
  Type: Articles in international or national refereed journals

Knock, J., Kline, E., Schiffman, J. E., Maynard, A. E., & Reeves, G. Burdens and difficulties experienced by caregivers of children and adolescents with schizophrenia-spectrum disorders: A qualitative study. Early Intervention in Psychiatry, 5: 349–354. (2011)
  Type: Articles in international or national refereed journals

Video Series in International Psychology: Culture and Human Development (2011) : Developed content for 20-part series that spans the developmental cycle (pre-conception through death) in 8-10 countries around the world. Researched and identified psychologists and other researchers in the field, locations for shooting, and scenarios shot in the United States, Mexico (urban and rural, mestizo and indigenous), and Botswana (urban and rural). Videos include observational footage, interviews in the native languages, and research footage.
  Type: Other scholarly products (such as major software, video or film)

Tovote, K. E., & Maynard, A. E. Los niños en las calles de San Cristóbal: Su trabajo, su desarollo, y su futuro. Anuario de Estudios Indígenas, XIV. (2010)
  Type: Articles in international or national refereed journals

Maynard, A. E., & Greenfield, P. M. Changing Maya Dress and the Introduction of Fashion in Chiapas, Mexico. In J. D. Eicher and D. H. Ross (Eds.) Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. New York: Oxford University Press. (2010)
  Type: Chapters in books

Maynard, A. E., Greenfield, P. M., & Marti, F. Alethea. Implicaciones de comercio y urbanización para la aprendizaje de cosas cotidianas: Una familia Zinacanteca a través del tiempo y espacio. Anuario de Estudios Indígenas, XIV. (2010)
  Type: Articles in international or national refereed journals

Maynard, A. E., & Tovote, K. E. (2009). Learning from other children. In D. Lancy, S. Gaskins, & J. Bock (Eds.), The anthropology of learning in childhood. Lanham, MD: AltaMira Press. Pp. 181-205. (2009)
  Type: Chapters in books

Maynard, A. E. (2009). Context and structure in social interaction and cognitive development. Human Development, 52 (5): 313-319. (2009)
  Type: Articles in international or national refereed journals

Greenfield, P. M., Maynard, A. E., & Martí, F. A. (2009). Implications of commerce and urbanization for the learning environments of everyday life: A Zinacantec Maya family across time and space. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 40: 935-952. (2009)
  Type: Articles in international or national refereed journals

Maynard, A. E., & Greenfield, P. M. (2008). Women’s schooling and other ecocultural changes: A longitudinal study of textile production among the Zinacantec Maya. Mind, Culture, and Activity, 15: 165-175. (2008)
  Type: Articles in international or national refereed journals

Maynard, A. E. (2008). What we thought we knew and how we came to know it: Four decades of cross-cultural research on cognitive development from a Piagetian perspective. Human Development, 51: 56-65. (2008)
  Type: Articles in international or national refereed journals

Valdez, M. F., Dowrick, P. W., & Maynard, A. E. (2007). Interactions between home and school in a Samoan community. The Urban Review, 39 (1): 67-92. (2007)
  Type: Articles in international or national refereed journals

Maynard, A. E., & Greenfield, P. M. (2006). Le rôle des outiles et des artifacts culturels dans le développement cognitif. Enfance. (French peer-reviewed journal). 58: 2 (135-145). (2006)
  Type: Articles in international or national refereed journals

Maynard, A. E. (2006). Fieldwork first, experiments later: The development of a research program in psychology based on ethnographic fieldwork. Cross-Cultural Psychology Bulletin, 40 (1-2): 10-18. (2006)
  Type: Articles in other periodicals

Maynard, A. E., & Kim, S. Y. (2006). Cross-cultural development. In N. J. Salkind (Ed.), Encyclopedia of human development. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. Pp. 326-329. (2006)
  Type: Chapters in books

Maynard, A. E. (2005). Cultural learning in context. In A. E. Maynard & M. I. Martini (Eds.) Learning in cultural context: Family, peers, and school. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers. Pp. 1-7. (2005)
  Type: Chapters in books

Maynard, A. E.. (2005). Activity settings analysis of changing cultural practices in developmental psychology. In C. O’Donnell & L. Yamauchi (Eds), Behavior and change: Theory, research, and practical application. NY: Peter Lang. Pp. 41-62 (2005)
  Type: Chapters in books

Maynard, A. E., & Greenfield, P. M. (2005). Cultural Teaching: Processes, Effects, and Development of Apprenticeship Skills. To appear in Z. Bekerman, N. C. Burbules, & D. Silberman-Kellers (Eds.), Learning in Places: The Informal Education Reader. NY: Peter Lang. Pp. 139-162. (2005)
  Type: Chapters in books

Maynard, A. E., & Greenfield, P. M. (2005). An ethnomodel of teaching and learning: Apprenticeship of Zinacantec Maya women's tasks. In A. E. Maynard & M. I. Martini (Eds.) Learning in cultural context: Family, peers, and school. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers. Pp. 75-103. (2005)
  Type: Chapters in books

Maynard, A. E., Subrahmanyam, K., & Greenfield, P. M. (2005). Technology and the development of intelligence: From the loom to the computer. In R. Sternberg & D. Preiss (Eds.), Intelligence and technology. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum. Pp. 29-53. (2005)
  Type: Chapters in books

Maynard, A. E., & Martini, M. I. (2005). Learning in cultural context: Family, Peers, and School. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers. (2005)

Maynard, A.E. (2004). Sibling interactions. In U. Gielen & J. L. Roopnarine (Eds.), Childhood and adolescence: Cross-cultural perspectives and applications. Westport, CT: Praeger. pp. 229-252. (2004)
  Type: Chapters in books

Maynard, A. E. (2004). Cultures of teaching in childhood: Formal schooling and Maya sibling teaching at home. Cognitive Development, 19 (4): 517-536. (2004) : This article compares the school model of teaching with a model used by Maya siblings at home.
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Greenfield, P. M., Maynard, A. E., & Childs, C. P. (2003). Historical change, cultural apprenticeship, and cognitive representation in Zinacantec Maya children. Cognitive Development, 18: 455-487. (2003) : This article describes an historical study comparing two generations of children in a Mayan village before and after a socioeconomic shift from agriculture to commerce (1969-1991).
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Maynard, A. E., & Greenfield, P. M. (2003). Implicit cognitive development in cultural tools and children: Lessons from Mayan Mexico. Cognitive Development, 18: 489-510. (2003) : This is a cross-cultural study of mental transformation.
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Greenfield, P. M., Keller, H., Fuligni, A., & Maynard, A. E., (2003). Culture and cognitive development. Annual Review of Psychology, 54: 461-490. (2003)
  Type: Articles in international or national refereed journals

Maynard, A. E. (2002). Cultural teaching: The development of teaching skills in Zinacantec Maya sibling interactions. Child Development, 73 (3): 969-82. (2002) : This article discusses the development of teaching in Maya children. Republished in M. Gauvain & M. Cole (Eds.) (2004). Readings on the Development of Children, 4th Edition, pp. 255- 269.
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Awards & Honors

New York Academy of Sciences James McKeen Cattell Award (2000)

APA Division 7 Dissertation Award (2000)

Research Projects

Social Change, Informal Education, Human Development, and the Shift to Formal Education: Studying Three Generations of Mothers and Children Over 43 Years in a Maya Community in Chiapas, Mexico (2012 - ) : Funded by the Spencer Foundation, this project explores three generations of Maya children living in the highlands of Chiapas, Mexico. We examine the impact of socioeconomic and demographic changes on families and child development, with a focus on changing cognition and apprenticeship practices.

College of Social SciencesUniversity of Hawaii at Manoa